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Miniature Pinscher

Miniature Pinscher

The Miniature Pinscher is a small, compact dog with an arched neck and muscular body. This breed weighs about 12 pounds and stands at a height of about 10 to 12 inches. Its short, smooth coat comes in a range of colours such as black with rust markings, stag red, chocolate with tan, solid red, and fawn with rust points.


The Miniature Pinscher is distinctly a German breed that resulted from crossing the short-haired German Pinscher, Italian Greyhound, and the Dachshund. It was used as a barnyard ratter to control the population of rodents in stables. Introduced to America in the early 1990, it was given the name Pinscher (toy), which was officially changed to Miniature Pinscher in 1972.


Although the Miniature Pinscher is small in size, it is extraordinarily energetic and tends to be stubborn and independent. It is also courageous, playful, intelligent, and loyal to its owner. It is a good family companion and always looks out for its owner and owner's property. Notorious for dashing out of the compound and escaping through fences in search of adventure, this dog requires a strong and confident owner to control it properly.

Health Problems

Although this breed is generally healthy, it is prone to certain health conditions such as epilepsy, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), patella luxation, and hypothyroidism. Just like other dog breeds, it requires vaccinations and regular check-ups.

Training and Exercise

To prevent this dog from falling into the small dog syndrome or other unpleasant behaviours, you should start training and socialising it at an early age. Unlike other dog breeds, the Miniature Pinscher is not easy to train, especially for first-time dog owners. Even if you are an experienced dog owner but you are new to this breed, you may need the assistance of an experienced dog trainer to train this vivacious dog. With proper training and socialisation, you'll be amazed at how the dog obeys you and mingles well with other dogs.

Apart from training, the Miniature Pinscher also needs plenty of exercise. Without adequate exercise, it is more likely to display behaviour problems and become difficult to handle. Take the dog for a 30-minute walk in safe open areas such as fenced-in yards or public parks at least twice a day.


To keep this curious dog safe, be sure to dog-proof your home properly. Small objects such as toys, keys, and coins should be out of its reach at all times. Put away all types of pills or drugs away after every use to prevent the dog from ingesting them. Also, make sure that your fence is high enough and does not have any holes or openings to prevent the dog's determined efforts to escape.

During winter, you have to take extra safety precautions to ensure that the dog is warm and safe. Apart from covering the dog with baby sweaters or blankets, you should also keep it indoors where the temperatures are warm.


The Miniature Pinscher's short coat is not only smooth to the touch, but also easy to groom. Use a firm brittle brush to brush it regularly and shampoo once in a while to keep it shiny. To get rid of loose or dead hair, use a warm, damp cloth or towel. Do not bathe the dog frequently because this may lead to dry and unsightly skin.

Brush the dog's teeth at least once or twice a week to get rid of harmful bacteria and prevent tartar buildup. Brushing the teeth also prevents bad breath and gum disease.